Unc sog criminal law blog. Interpol is an international police agency that tracks crimi...

Published for NC Criminal Law on August 29, 2012. Under

This session, the General Assembly amended the rules governing disclosure of recordings that depict death or serious bodily injury to require (1) that a court determine whether a recording be disclosed; and (2) that the court make such a determination within seven business days of the filing of a disclosure petition.Welcome to the North Carolina Criminal Law blog. This blog serves as a forum for the discussion of North Carolina criminal law and procedure. It is administered by Jeff Welty, a faculty member at the School of Government at UNC. ... SOG Staff (76) SOG Apps (1) Daniel Spiegel (3) Timothy Heinle (5) Tom Thornburg (6) Jeffrey Welty …Public criminal records are documents that contain information about an individual’s criminal history. These records are maintained by various government agencies, including courts...Each year the School of Government summarizes legislation enacted by the North Carolina General Assembly affecting criminal law and procedure and motor vehicle laws. We also explore selected legislation in more depth on this blog.Apr 18, 2022 · Malicious prosecution is a tort under North Carolina law. “To establish malicious prosecution, a plaintiff [for present purposes, a former criminal defendant] must show that the defendant [for present purposes, the arresting officer] (1) initiated or participated in the earlier proceeding, (2) did so maliciously, (3) without probable cause ... Last month, the North Carolina General Assembly passed S.L. 2023-14 (S 20) which largely covers changes to abortion laws. Within this bill is also a newly defined “misdemeanor crime of domestic violence,” which takes effect for offenses committed on or after December 1, 2023. This post discusses the utility of the new offense and the ...This post summarizes published criminal decisions from the North Carolina Supreme Court released on December 18, 2020. The summaries were prepared by Shea Denning, Chris Tyner, and Jonathan Holbrook. As always, these summaries will be added to Smith’s Criminal Case Compendium, a free and searchable database of case …McLymore, 380 N.C. 185, 868 S.E.2d 67 (2022), our Supreme Court held that Section 14‑51.3 “supplants the common law on all aspects of the law of self-defense addressed by its provisions,” and “the only right to perfect self-defense available in North Carolina [is] the right provided by statute.”. Id. at 191, 868 S.E.2d at 72-73.A Warning Shot about Self-Defense. John Rubin. Published for NC Criminal Law on September 07, 2016. Suppose John is facing a deadly assault and fears that he will be killed or suffer great bodily harm. John has a firearm but, rather than shoot his assailant, he fires a warning shot.This post summarizes the published criminal opinions from the Supreme Court of North Carolina released on November 4, 2022. This summary will be added to Smith’s Criminal Case Compendium, a free and searchable database of case summaries from 2008 to the present.. Defendant preserved his challenge to …Published for NC Criminal Law on July 13, 2017. With another legislative session in the books, it’s time for an update to the sex offender registration and monitoring flow chart. The revised chart is here. In addition to routine citation and formatting maintenance, it makes the following changes.G.S. 20-139.1 (a). A chemical analysis is a test of a person’s breath, blood or other bodily fluid or substance to determine the person’s alcohol concentration or presence of an impairing substance carried out in accordance with G.S. 20-139.1. G.S. 20-4.01 (3a). The second rule applies only to breath tests. It provides that a chemical ...Published for NC Criminal Law on November 01, 2022. It has not been long since my last cannabis update, but there are some interesting new developments to report, most notably on drug identification and marijuana. Read on for the details. The New (New) G.S. 90-94.G.S. 20-19(c3). The person also must agree that upon a law enforcement officer’s request, the person will agree to be transported by the law enforcement officer to the place where the chemical analysis will be administered. Reporting a violation.Greer, 173 N.C. 758 (1917), a probationer was revoked based on a new criminal offense even though he was found not guilty at his criminal trial on the charge. The Greer court reasoned that the jury verdict was not binding on the local judge who activated the suspended sentence, because he exercised his independent discretion based on the …Defending Death by Distribution Cases. Shea blogged about the new crimes of death by distribution and aggravated death by distribution in G.S. 14-18.4, here. These crimes hit the books this past December, and 2020 will likely see the first prosecutions under the law. The Health In Justice Action Lab at Northeastern University School of …Months later, at his armed robbery trial, Hendricksen moved to dismiss the charges on the grounds that he had already been punished for the crime, citing his guilty plea in Harnett County. The superior court judge in the Johnston County case rejected his argument. The jury found him guilty, and he was sentenced to 70 to 96 months …Oct 26, 2017 · The court must apply 20 days of jail credit to Sentence A (10/1–10/21) and 10 days of jail credit to Sentence B (10/11–10/21). Let me change the facts of Example 2 a little. Suppose for some reason Sentence B (an active sentence to 100 days) was imposed 10/21/2017, but Sentence A did not get imposed until 10/31/2017. S.L. 2011-6. In that legislation, the General Assembly asked the North Carolina Supreme Court to “reconsider, and overrule, its holding in State v. Carter that the good faith exception to the exclusionary rule which exists under federal law does not apply under North Carolina State law.“ Id. at § 2.December 8, 2021 by John Rubin. As in recent sessions, the General Assembly remained active in revising North Carolina’s expunction laws. The biggest changes came in S.L. 2021-118 (S 301), as amended by section 2.3 of S.L. 2021-167 (H 761). The legislation expanded the opportunity for a person to expunge older convictions of “nonviolent ...May 18, 2022 · As the largest university-based local government training, advisory, and research organization in the United States, the School of Government serves more than 12,000 public officials each year. The School provides content and resources for a wide array of local government and judicial officials in North Carolina. State v. Thorpe, ___ N.C. App. ___, 2021-NCCOA-701 (Dec. 21, 2021). The defendant, who had underlying health conditions, was not entitled to relief on a MAR under G.S. 15A-1415 (b) (8) on the basis of his prison sentence being invalid as a matter of law as a form of cruel and unusual punishment due to the coronavirus pandemic.Denning has written extensively about North Carolina’s motor vehicle laws, including a book on the law of impaired driving. She is a regular contributor to the North Carolina Criminal Law blog and a co-coauthor of Pulled Over: The Law of Traffic Stops and Offenses in North Carolina. She joined the School of Government in 2003.Aug 1, 2022 · What I Learned from Reviewing 279 Search Warrants. Jeffrey B. Welty. Published for NC Criminal Law on August 01, 2022. Over the past several months, I’ve been dropping by clerks’ offices to look at search warrants. I’ve made it to six offices, including offices in eastern, central, and western North Carolina, and in urban and rural areas. Interpol is an international police agency that tracks criminals across national borders. Lean about Interpol and find out how Interpol is organized. Advertisement ­Interpol is an ...The right to act in self-defense depended primarily on the authority of court decisions. The General Assembly’s adoption in 2011 of three defensive force statutes—G.S. 14-51.2, G.S. 14-51.3, and G.S. 14-51.4—changed that. An understanding of the law of self-defense in North Carolina now must begin with the statutory law of self-defense.Jan 18, 2017 · The rules. G.S. 15A-928 sets forth the procedures the prosecutor and superior court judge must follow “when the fact that the defendant has been previously convicted of an offense raises an offense of lower grade to one of higher grade and thereby becomes an element of the latter.”. These are the rules that govern pleading, arraignment and ... August 1, 2022 by Jeff Welty. Over the past several months, I’ve been dropping by clerks’ offices to look at search warrants. I’ve made it to six offices, including offices in eastern, central, and western North Carolina, and in urban and rural areas. I’ve reviewed and made notes on 279 warrants and have at least skimmed hundreds more.Cabbage-based slaws—cole or otherwise—are transcendent when properly executed, but so easy to mess up completely. No one wants a bowl of cabbage shreds swimming in overly-sweetened...Civilian Traffic Enforcement Comes to North Carolina. Published for NC Criminal Law on July 05, 2023. Editor’s note: We are pleased to welcome M. Jeanette Pitts to the blog as an author. Jeanette is a Legal Research Specialist at the Criminal Justice Innovation Lab. According to a report by the North Carolina Division of Motor Vehicles, …Delta-8 tetrahydrocannabinol (“delta-8 THC”) is an isomer of the more (in)famous cannabinoid, delta-9 THC. The two chemicals are closely related and are distinguished only by a single chemical bond, according to Wikipedia and other sources. The compound is naturally present in small quantities in hemp and marijuana.This new report from the Council on Criminal Justice says that homicide and violent crimes fell last year in 38 studied cities, but property crimes were mixed and car thefts were way up. Violent crimes are still above pre-pandemic levels, but seem to be getting closer to that baseline. The report has much more …Jun 4, 2019 · The right to act in self-defense depended primarily on the authority of court decisions. The General Assembly’s adoption in 2011 of three defensive force statutes—G.S. 14-51.2, G.S. 14-51.3, and G.S. 14-51.4—changed that. An understanding of the law of self-defense in North Carolina now must begin with the statutory law of self-defense. The new law, which will be codified as N.C.G.S. § 160A-499.6, allows cities to employ and allow civilian personnel to investigate crashes involving only property damage. Among other things, investigators must be trained at the North Carolina Justice Academy and then with a law enforcement officer for at least four weeks.The right to act in self-defense depended primarily on the authority of court decisions. The General Assembly’s adoption in 2011 of three defensive force statutes—G.S. 14-51.2, G.S. 14-51.3, and G.S. 14-51.4—changed that. An understanding of the law of self-defense in North Carolina now must begin with the statutory law of self-defense.Feb 23, 2022 · Phil Dixon Jr. Published for NC Criminal Law on February 23, 2022. In an earlier post, I wrote that simple possession of fentanyl was a misdemeanor Schedule II offense under then-current law. No more. Effective Dec. 1, 2021, fentanyl possession in any amount is treated as a felony. Civilian Traffic Enforcement Comes to North Carolina. Published for NC Criminal Law on July 05, 2023. Editor’s note: We are pleased to welcome M. Jeanette Pitts to the blog as an author. Jeanette is a Legal Research Specialist at the Criminal Justice Innovation Lab. According to a report by the North Carolina …Public criminal records are documents that contain information about an individual’s criminal history. These records are maintained by various government agencies, including courts...James M. Markham. Published for NC Criminal Law on July 05, 2018. A conditional discharge allows a defendant who pleads guilty or is found guilty to be placed on probation without entry of judgment. If the defendant succeeds on probation, the court dismisses the conviction. If the defendant fails, the court …Perkins, Criminal Law, 307-08. Hence, if the fraud induces the owner to part with title as well as possession, the wrongdoer is not guilty of larceny. The crime of false pretenses came about as a legislative attempt to fill this gap in the law of larceny. Perkins, Criminal Law, 364. Accordingly, false pretenses requires transfer of title, and ...About the SOG Judicial College’s Certification Program for Magistrates. The Judicial College offers magistrates the opportunity to become certified upon completion of a specific combination of Judicial College seminars and general training events. Two types of certifications are offered, one in criminal law and …Apr 18, 2022 · Malicious prosecution is a tort under North Carolina law. “To establish malicious prosecution, a plaintiff [for present purposes, a former criminal defendant] must show that the defendant [for present purposes, the arresting officer] (1) initiated or participated in the earlier proceeding, (2) did so maliciously, (3) without probable cause ... Published for NC Criminal Law on July 01, 2014. With the amendment of Rule 702 of the North Carolina Rules of Evidence in 2011 , North Carolina became a Daubert state. That change means that trial judges in this state, like their federal counterparts, serve as gatekeepers when faced with a proffer of expert testimony.The bruises and cuts on the child should have resulted in a report to a county DSS, thereby triggering the child protective services action. Upon determining a child is abused, the DSS director must report those findings to the district attorney and law enforcement for possible criminal investigation. G.S. 7B-307 (a).August 1, 2022 by Jeff Welty. Over the past several months, I’ve been dropping by clerks’ offices to look at search warrants. I’ve made it to six offices, including offices in eastern, central, and western North Carolina, and in urban and rural areas. I’ve reviewed and made notes on 279 warrants and have at least skimmed hundreds more.Criminal behavior is defined as an act or failure to act in a way that violates public law. Public law is most often established by a governing body, and will therefore vary betwee...Any changes to Northern Ireland's law will now be up to the politicians. Human-rights campaigners lost their case over the legality of Northern Ireland’s abortion law on a technica...Published for NC Criminal Law on August 01, 2022. Over the past several months, I’ve been dropping by clerks’ offices to look at search warrants. I’ve made it to …Criminals are buying and selling millions of stolen credit card numbers on the dark web. Here's how to protect yourself. By clicking "TRY IT", I agree to receive newsletters and pr...The connection to federal law stems from G.S. 14-208.12A(a1)(2), which says that a court may grant a petition for removal only if “[t]he requested relief complies with the federal Jacob Wetterling Act, as amended, and any other federal standards applicable to the termination of a registration requirement or required to be met as a condition for the …Defending Death by Distribution Cases. Shea blogged about the new crimes of death by distribution and aggravated death by distribution in G.S. 14-18.4, here. These crimes hit the books this past December, and 2020 will likely see the first prosecutions under the law. The Health In Justice Action Lab at Northeastern University School of …Jan 18, 2017 · The rules. G.S. 15A-928 sets forth the procedures the prosecutor and superior court judge must follow “when the fact that the defendant has been previously convicted of an offense raises an offense of lower grade to one of higher grade and thereby becomes an element of the latter.”. These are the rules that govern pleading, arraignment and ... May 18, 2022 · As the largest university-based local government training, advisory, and research organization in the United States, the School of Government serves more than 12,000 public officials each year. The School provides content and resources for a wide array of local government and judicial officials in North Carolina. DWI Update: May 2020 Edition. May 18, 2020 by Shea Denning. My colleagues and I usually spend the waning weeks of May slogging through months of appellate opinions, determining which cases merit discussion at upcoming summer conferences. This year, of course, there are no live summer conferences. Yet we are still slogging.This new report from the Council on Criminal Justice says that homicide and violent crimes fell last year in 38 studied cities, but property crimes were mixed and car thefts were way up. Violent crimes are still above pre-pandemic levels, but seem to be getting closer to that baseline. The report has much more …Greer, 173 N.C. 758 (1917), a probationer was revoked based on a new criminal offense even though he was found not guilty at his criminal trial on the charge. The Greer court reasoned that the jury verdict was not binding on the local judge who activated the suspended sentence, because he exercised his independent discretion based on the …In S.L. 2015-181 it created a new Article 7B in Chapter 14 entitled “Rape and Other Sex Offenses” and recodified many of state’s sexual assault crimes. Separately, S.L. 2015-62 tweaked the elements of statutory rape and sex offense of a person under fifteen and S.L. 2015-44 increased the punishment for two sexual …This post summarizes the published criminal opinions from the North Carolina Court of Appeals released on March 5, 2024. These summaries will be added to Smith’s Criminal Case Compendium, a free …It is, however, an issue that arises in criminal cases. The term “corpus delicti” (sometimes spelled corpus delecti) means the body of the crime. Black’s Law Dictionary 310 (5 th ed. 1979); State v. Smith, 362 N.C. 583, 589 (2008). It refers to the substance of the crime, which ordinarily includes two elements: the act and the criminal ...This post summarizes the published criminal opinions from the North Carolina Court of Appeals released on July 19, 2022. This summary will be added to …The right to act in self-defense depended primarily on the authority of court decisions. The General Assembly’s adoption in 2011 of three defensive force statutes—G.S. 14-51.2, G.S. 14-51.3, and G.S. 14-51.4—changed that. An understanding of the law of self-defense in North Carolina now must begin with the statutory law of self-defense.As the largest university-based local government training, advisory, and research organization in the United States, the School of Government serves more than 12,000 public officials each year. The School provides content and resources for a wide array of local government and judicial officials in North …Criminal justice is a broad field that encompasses various aspects of law enforcement, including police work, investigations, forensics, and corrections. Pursuing a degree in crimi...Solicitation is asking someone else to commit a crime with the intention that the person solicited will perform the criminal act. It is its own crime and generally must be pled. An exception exists if the defendant is charged with accessory before the fact to a completed murder, a theory of liability discussed below.Mar 11, 2021 · The modern rule applies to businesses, organizations, and associations “of every kind,” and the covered records include any report, memorandum, or “data compilation, in any form.”. G.S. 8C-803 (6), Official Commentary. As explained more fully in the prior posts linked above, the exception generally applies as long as the records were ... James M. Markham. Published for NC Criminal Law on July 08, 2020. A new law provides a limited possibility of sentencing and post-conviction relief for certain defendants convicted of drug trafficking. The law, S.L. 2020-47, is called the North Carolina First Step Act. I wrote about it earlier in the year, here, when it was still under ...In Georgia v. McCollum, 505 U.S. 42 (1992), the court held that Batson also prohibits criminal defendants from making race-based peremptory challenges, a practice that may give rise to a “reverse Batson challenge.”. Facts of Hurd: The defendant was indicted on three counts of first degree murder, among other charges.A third decision, State v. Hurt, __ N.C. __ (June 27, 2013), applied Ortiz-Zape to a case involving substitute analysts in serology and DNA. 2. The State must lay a proper foundation for substitute analyst testimony. The Ortiz-Zape court found that the prosecutor had laid a proper foundation for Ray’s testimony.Published for NC Criminal Law on August 01, 2022. Over the past several months, I’ve been dropping by clerks’ offices to look at search warrants. I’ve made it to …The School provides content and resources on a wide array of topics in local government and judicial administration in North Carolina. Select a topic to explore all related content. Local and State Government Criminal Law Blog. Launched in January 2009, this new blog by faculty member Jeff Welty includes postings about current criminal law issues, answers to recurrent questions that Welty receives from the field, and interesting theories about criminal law that he has stumbled upon. Reference and research services are available to all residents of North Carolina, and additional assistance is available to state and local government personnel, both elected …Jun 4, 2019 · The right to act in self-defense depended primarily on the authority of court decisions. The General Assembly’s adoption in 2011 of three defensive force statutes—G.S. 14-51.2, G.S. 14-51.3, and G.S. 14-51.4—changed that. An understanding of the law of self-defense in North Carolina now must begin with the statutory law of self-defense. The “single taking” rule prevents a defendant from being charged or convicted multiple times for a single continuous act or transaction. State v. Adams, 331 N.C. 317, 333 (1992). In larceny cases, the single taking rule works to punish a defendant for only one count of larceny regardless of how many items were taken …That brings us to the new NC case, State v. Miller, ___ N.C. ___ (June 8, 2018), in which the defendant was charged with murdering his estranged wife, Ms. Wells. Approximately nine months before the murder, Officer Kato responded to a domestic call at the victim’s apartment. Kato made contact with Wells outside of her apartment.About the SOG Judicial College’s Certification Program for Magistrates. The Judicial College offers magistrates the opportunity to become certified upon completion of a specific combination of Judicial College seminars and general training events. Two types of certifications are offered, one in criminal law and …To quote from the memo: Hemp and marijuana look the same and have the same odor, both burned and unburned. This makes it impossible for law enforcement to use the appearance of marijuana to develop probable cause for an arrest, seizure of an item, or probable cause for a search warrant. In order for law enforcement to seize and analyze …May 19, 2020 · DWI Update: May 2020 Edition. May 18, 2020 by Shea Denning. My colleagues and I usually spend the waning weeks of May slogging through months of appellate opinions, determining which cases merit discussion at upcoming summer conferences. This year, of course, there are no live summer conferences. Yet we are still slogging. The blog covers various topics related to criminal law in North Carolina, such as case summaries, news, book reviews, and policy issues. It is updated regularly …Criminal Law Blog. Launched in January 2009, this new blog by faculty member Jeff Welty includes postings about current criminal law issues, answers to recurrent questions that …Last month, the North Carolina General Assembly passed S.L. 2023-14 (S 20) which largely covers changes to abortion laws. Within this bill is also a newly defined “misdemeanor crime of domestic violence,” which takes effect for offenses committed on or after December 1, 2023. This post discusses the utility of the new offense and the ...Jun 4, 2019 · The right to act in self-defense depended primarily on the authority of court decisions. The General Assembly’s adoption in 2011 of three defensive force statutes—G.S. 14-51.2, G.S. 14-51.3, and G.S. 14-51.4—changed that. An understanding of the law of self-defense in North Carolina now must begin with the statutory law of self-defense. A Warning Shot about Self-Defense. John Rubin. Published for NC Criminal Law on September 07, 2016. Suppose John is facing a deadly assault and fears that he will be killed or suffer great bodily harm. John has a firearm but, rather than shoot his assailant, he fires a warning shot.Health care providers subject to these requirements may disclose such information for a law enforcement purposes to a law enforcement official in compliance with a court order or court-ordered warrant, or a subpoena or summons issued by a judicial official. 45 C.F.R. 164.512. Exception to confidentiality rules in …May 18, 2022 · As the largest university-based local government training, advisory, and research organization in the United States, the School of Government serves more than 12,000 public officials each year. The School provides content and resources for a wide array of local government and judicial officials in North Carolina. Authenticating Photographs Obtained from Social Media Platforms. Jeffrey B. Welty. Published for NC Criminal Law on May 01, 2023. In my last post, I wrote about how a party might authenticate a Facebook direct message or other text-based electronic communication. That post focused on how the proponent of the evidence might establish …S.L. 2021-182 makes several changes to these requirements, effective June 1, 2022 for licenses restored on or after that date. Ignition interlock will be required only on vehicles driven. Current G.S. 20-17.8 (c1) requires that a person subject to its requirements have all registered vehicles that he or she owns equipped with ignition interlock.Published for NC Criminal Law on August 29, 2012. Under G.S. 15A-1340.14 (e), a defendant’s prior out-of-state convictions count by default as Class I felonies if the other jurisdiction classifies them as a felony, or as Class 3 misdemeanors if the other jurisdiction classifies them as a misdemeanor. The State or the defendant may, however ...Civilian Traffic Enforcement Comes to North Carolina. Published for NC Criminal Law on July 05, 2023. Editor’s note: We are pleased to welcome M. Jeanette Pitts to the blog as an author. Jeanette is a Legal Research Specialist at the Criminal Justice Innovation Lab. According to a report by the North Carolina Division of Motor Vehicles, …Arson Law Revisions. Published for NC Criminal Law on June 27, 2022. The North Carolina General Assembly recently passed S.L. 2022-8 which makes various changes to the existing arson laws. The new criminal provisions go into effect on December 1, 2022 and apply to offenses committed on or after that date. The law includes a savings clause which .... Modifying a Sentence upon Revocation of ProbatioState or federal government bring criminal actions against parties Consolidation of Sentences. Published for NC Criminal Law on October 13, 2015. North Carolina sentencing law allows multiple convictions to be consolidated for sentencing. Consolidation of felonies is governed by G.S. 15A-1340.15 (b); G.S. 15A-1340.22 (b) covers misdemeanors. The rule is the same for both types of crimes: when you … A blog by the faculty and staff of the UNC School of Government that disseminates information about North Carolina criminal law and procedure and related topics. The blog invites topic suggestions, but does not accept guest posts from outside authors. The authors welcome feedback and comments from the readers. James M. Markham. Published for NC Criminal Open Carry and Reasonable Suspicion. Published for NC Criminal Law on May 15, 2023. A decade ago, I wrote a post about the circumstances under which police … About the SOG Judicial College’s Certification Program for Magistr...

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